Monday, November 17, 2014

DSM and ICD Health Problems

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) and International Statistical Classification of Diseases & Related Health Problems (ICD)



Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)
o Handbook for mental health professionals.
o Includes all categories of mental disorders and their corresponding diagnosable criteria.
o Intended to be used by those with clinical training.
o In accordance with the American Psychiatric Association.
o Uniform criteria for diagnosing.
o Includes sociological, psychological, biological, criteria.
o Each revision has discarded some previously diagnosable disorders such as pre-menstrual dysphoric disorder and masochistic personality disorder to show the manual is contemporary with social times.
o It now no longer includes homosexuality as a mental disorder, replacing it with sexual orientation disturbance, though still controversial.


Diagnosing Categories
o Axis I: Clinical disorders, including major mental disorders, as well as developmental and learning disorders
o Axis II: Underlying pervasive or personality conditions, as well as mental retardation
o Axis III: Acute medical conditions and Physical disorders.
o Axis IV: Psychosocial and environmental factors contributing to the disorder
o Axis V: Global Assessment of Functioning GAF score
o A scale from 100 (good functioning) to 0 (several dysfunction)


International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems
o Abbreviation ICD.
o Classification system for diseases including a directory of symptoms complaints, and external causes of injury or illness.
o Published by the World Health Organization.
o Used by hospitals and healthcare facilities to best describe clinical assessment of a client.




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