Monday, November 3, 2014

Gestalt Therapy

Gestalt Therapy



Major Principles
Holism

  • o Interested in the whole person
  • o Emphasis on integration of thoughts feelings, behaviors, body and dreams


■ Field Theory

  •  o Organism must be seen in its environment or its context as part of a constantly changing field

● Relational
● In flux
● Interrelated
● In progress

■ Figure Formation Process

  •  o How client organizes environment from moment to moment
  • o Background

● The undifferentiated field or ground

  • o Figure

● The emerging focus of attention

■ Organismic Self Regulation o Restore equilibrium or contribute to growth and change


Therapy Process
■ The Now

  •  o Power in the present
  • o Nothing exists except the now
  • o The past is gone and the future has not yet arrived
  • o For many people the power of the present is lost

● They may focus on their past mistakes or engage in endless resolutions and plans for the future.

■ Unfinished Business

  •  o Feelings about the past are unexpressed
  • o These feelings are associated with distinct memories and fantasies
  • o Feelings not fully experienced in the background and interfere with effective contact
  • o Preoccupation, compulsive behavior, wariness oppressive energy and self defeating behavior.


■ Layers of Neurosis

  •  o Perls likens the unfolding of adult personality to the peeling of an onion.
  • o Phony layer- stereotypical and inauthentic
  • o Phobic layer- fears keep clients from seeing themselves
  • o Impasse layer- giving up power
  • o Implosive layer- fully experiencing deadness
  • o Explosive layer- letting go of phony roles





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